- Florence Nightingale. Trained as a nurse and volunteered for Crimean War - was shocked by the low standards of treating wounded soldiers. She sought to improve standards of cleanliness. Her biggest contribution to nursing probably came after the war when her statistical analysis of fatality rates helped show ways to improve the success rate of treatment. Ironically, she found some of her own methods gave a low success rate. But, her presence and profile helped giving nursing a much higher profile and led to big improvements in the standing of the profession.
- Walt Whitman (1819 – 1892) - Poet famous for his lyrical poety ' I celebrate and sing myself.' was also a nurse in the American civil war.
- Mary Todd Lincoln (1818 – 1882): The wife of President Abraham Lincoln was a well-educated young woman from Lexington, Kentucky.
- Clara Barton (1821 – 1912): Clare began her nursing career at the age of 11. She is also known as the founder of the Red Cross, which began as she carried supplied to the battlefield during the Civil War.
- Mary Seacole. A contemporary of Florence Nightingale who also served in the Crimean war, though gained less publicity at the time.
- Edith Cavell - Trained as a nurse in the early 1900s. Worked in Belgium, where she founded one of the first Nursing journals. Played a key role in training other nurses. During World War I, she was arrested for aiding allied prisoners of war escape occupied Belgium. She was tried for treason and executed by the occupying German army. Before her execution she said to her Anglican priest that
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