Facts Joan of Arc
- Joan of Arc often was born in 1412 Domremy, France.
- Joan of Arc is also known as Jeanne d'Arc(French) and The Maid of Orléans
- In 1415 King Henry V of England had invaded France and defeated the French army at Agincourt. This left France divided and large parts under an English occupation.
- From the age of 13, she reported hearing 'voices from God' - entrusting her with an important mission.
"I was thirteen when I had a Voice from God for my help and guidance. The first time that I heard this Voice, I was very much frightened; it was mid-day, in the summer, in my father's garden. ”- Joan of Arc from her trial transcript.
- The Dauphin of France was Charles de Ponthieu, he was considered weak and an ineffective rule, but after meeting Joan of Arc the fortunes of the French changed.
- The Dauphin was crowned King Charles VII on 17 July 1429.
- In 1430 Joan was captured by the Burgundian forces (French forces not loyal to Charles) at Compiegne and sold to the English.
- During her time in the army and at the trial, Joan wore men's clothing, which was very unusual for the time.
- She was tried for witchcraft and convicted. Pierre Cauchon was the leading Churchman responsible for trying Joan.
- The trial was transcribed giving a large source of primary material. At the trial, Joan defended herself with great intellect, despite being denied legal support.
- "Asked if she knew she was in God's grace, she answered: 'If I am not, may God put me there; and if I am, may God so keep me."
- At the time it was heresy to claim you were in God's Grace. By this answer she deftly avoided implicating herself, without saying yes or no.
- After a guilty verdict was given, she temporarily retracted her statements to escape death by burning. But, later she changed her mind and restated her belief in statements at trial.
- Twenty years after her trial, the verdict was overturned.
- Joan of Arc was beatified in 1909 and canonized in 1920. She was made a patron saint of France.
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