Great Aeroplane Pioneers


The Wright brothers Wilbur and Orville who made the first recorded flight using their 'Flyer' model in December 1903. Over the next several years, they developed aircraft leading to increasing levels of sophistication, gaining records for the first flights lasting more than one hour, and later two hours. They played a critical role in the development of modern aeroplanes. Their greatest contribution was the development of better plane control, based on the three-axis control system.

Amelia Earhart. First women to successfully fly solo across the Atlantic. Set many records and encouraged women to take up flying. Went missing, presumed dead during a trans-global record attempt.

Other Early Aeroplane Pioneers

Sir Charles Kingsford Smith - Made the first trans-Pacific flight from the United States to Australia in 1928 and the first non-stop crossing of the Australian mainland.

Karl Jatho. Developed a motorised glider.

Hiram Stevens Maxim - famous for his wind tunnel tests, though his test plane never took off.

Giacomo D'Angelis was a Corsic-Indian aviation pioneer who became famous for the probably first flight of an own-built aircraft in 1910.

Richard Pearse A group of aviation historians in New Zealand claims that Pearse flew about a kilometer by the end of March 1902 and a similar distance in 1903. However, no proof of this flight has been presented although the topic has been researched since 1958.

Czesław Zbierański - First single wing planes. With Stanislaw Cywiński in the years of 1910–1911 constructed plane with 1 pairs of wings. On September 25, 1911 in Warsaw, the plane piloted by Michal Scipio del Campio flew distance around 15–20 kilometers.

Diego Marín Aguilera (Spain) flew a flying machine on May 15, 1793, of his own invention for approximately 360 meters at a height of 5–6 meters. Unfortunately, the residents of his town, believing him to be a lunatic, heretic, or a fraud, burned his creation and Marín Aguilera never attempted another flight.

Giuseppe Mario Bellanca of Sciacca, Sicily (later New York City), was an airplane designer and builder who created the first monoplane in the United States with an enclosed cabin.

Charles Lindbergh (US), the first person to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean, New York to Paris, in 1927.

E. Lilian Todd (US), first woman to design an airplane.
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Quotes on Courage

"Any intelligent fool can make things bigger and more complex... It takes a touch of genius - and a lot of courage to move in the opposite direction."
Albert Einstein

"Courage is what it takes to stand up and speak; courage is also what it takes to sit down and listen."
Winston Churchill

"Success is not final, failure is not fatal: it is the courage to continue that counts."
Winston Churchill

"Courage is rightly esteemed the first of human qualities... because it is the quality which guarantees all others."
Winston Churchill

"Courage is resistance to fear, mastery of fear, not absence of fear."
Mark Twain

"It is curious that physical courage should be so common in the world and moral courage so rare."
Mark Twain

"Faced with what is right, to leave it undone shows a lack of courage."

"Who could refrain that had a heart to love and in that heart courage to make love known?"
William Shakespeare

"One man with courage is a majority."
Thomas Jefferson

"Do not go where the path may lead, go instead where there is no path and leave a trail."

Ralph Waldo Emerson

Nominate a courageous person in comments below.
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