Saturday, February 26, 2011

Adam Smith Quotes

By pursuing his own interest he frequently promotes that of the society more effectually than when he really intends to promote it.

- Adam Smith The Wealth of Nations (1776)

It is the great multiplication of the productions of all the different arts, in consequence of the division of labour, which occasions, in a well-governed society, that universal opulence which extends itself to the lowest ranks of the people.

The Wealth Of Nations, Book I, Chapter I, p. 22, para. 10.

The importation of gold and silver is not the principal, much less the sole benefit which a nation derives from its foreign trade.

- Adam Smith The Wealth of Nations (1776)

To found a great empire for the sole purpose of raising up a people of customers, may at first appear a project fit only for a nation of shopkeepers. It is however, a project altogether unfit for a nation of shopkeepers; but extremely fit for a nation whose government is influenced by shopkeepers.

- Adam Smith The Wealth of Nations (1776)

Wherever there is great property, there is great inequality.

- Adam Smith The Wealth of Nations (1776)

"In general, if any branch of trade, or any division of labour, be advantageous to the public, the freer and more general the competition, it will always be the more so."

The Wealth Of Nations, Book II, Chapter II, p.329, para. 106.

The tolls for the maintenance of a high road, cannot with any safety be made the property of private persons.

- Adam Smith The Wealth of Nations (1776)

"It is not from the benevolence of the butcher, the brewer, or the baker, that we expect our dinner, but from their regard to their own interest. We address ourselves, not to their humanity but to their self-love, and never talk to them of our necessities but of their advantages."

The Wealth Of Nations, Book I, Chapter II, pp. 26-7, para 12.

Though the principles of the banking trade may appear somewhat abstruse, the practice is capable of being reduced to strict rules. To depart upon any occasion from these rules, in consequence of some flattering speculation of extraordinary gain, is almost always extremely dangerous, and frequently fatal to the banking company which attempts it.

- Adam Smith The Wealth of Nations (1776)

Nothing but the most exemplary morals can give dignity to a man of small fortune.

- Adam Smith The Wealth of Nations (1776)

"The subjects of every state ought to contribute towards the support of the government, as nearly as possible, in proportion to their respective abilities; that is, in proportion to the revenue which they respectively enjoy under the protection of the state."

- Adam Smith The Wealth of Nations (1776)

* It is unjust that the whole of society should contribute towards an expence of which the benefit is confined to a part of the society.

- Adam Smith The Wealth of Nations (1776)

"This disposition to admire, and almost to worship , the rich and powerful, and to despise , or , at least neglect persons of poor and mean conditions, though necessary both to establish and to maintain the distinction of ranks and the order of society, is, at the same time, the great and most universal cause of the corruption of our moral sentiments."

- Adam Smith The Theory of Moral Sentiments

Tuesday, February 22, 2011

Robert Burns Quotes

Beauty's of a fading nature
Has a season and is gone!

- Robert Burns, Will Ye Go and Marry Katie? (1764)

* Wee, sleekit, cow'rin, tim'rous beastie,
O, what a panic's in thy breastie!
Thou need na start awa sae hasty,
Wi' bickering brattle!

- To a Mouse, st. 1 (1785)

* I'm truly sorry man's dominion
Has broken Nature's social union.

- To a Mouse, st. 2 (1785)

* The best laid schemes o' mice and men
Gang aft a-gley;
And leave us naught but grief and pain
For promised joy.

- To a Mouse, st. 7 (1785)

* Nature's law,
That man was made to mourn.

- Man Was Made to Mourn, st. 4 (1786)

Man's inhumanity to man
Makes countless thousands mourn.
Man was made to Mourn.

- Man Was Made to Mourn, st. 4 (1786)

Should auld acquaintance be forgot,
And never brought to min'?
Should auld acquaintance be forgot,
And days o' auld lang syne?

- Auld Lang Syne, st. 1 (1788)

For auld lang syne, my dear,
For auld lang syne,
We'll tak a cup o' kindness yet
For auld lang syne!

- Auld Lang Syne, chorus (1788)

The voice of Nature loudly cries,
And many a message from the skies,
That something in us never dies.

- New Year's Day, st. 3 (1790)

When Nature her great masterpiece designed,
And framed her last, best work, the human mind,
Her eye intent on all the wondrous plan,
She formed of various stuff the various Man.

- To Robert Graham, st. 1 (1791)

- Robert Burns Biography
Famous Scots

Friday, February 18, 2011

Eleanor Roosevelt Quotes

eleanor roosevelt
"Do what you feel in your heart to be right — for you'll be criticized anyway. You'll be "damned if you do, and damned if you don't."
- Eleanor Roosevelt

"It isn't enough to talk about peace. One must believe in it. And it isn't enough to believe in it. One must work at it."

-Eleanor Roosevelt - Voice of America broadcast (11 November 1951)

"Life was meant to be lived, and curiosity must be kept alive. One must never, for whatever reason, turn his back on life."

Preface (December 1960) to The Autobiography of Eleanor Roosevelt (1961), p. xix

"A woman is like a teabag. You never know how strong she is until she gets into hot water."

Eleanor Roosevelt - The Wit and Wisdom of Eleanor Roosevelt (1996), p. 199

"The future belongs to those who believe in the beauty of their dreams."

Eleanor Roosevelt

"One's philosophy is not best expressed in words; it is expressed in the choices one makes. In the long run, we shape our lives and we shape ourselves. The process never ends until we die. And, the choices we make are ultimately our own responsibility."
Eleanor Roosevelt

"No one can make you feel inferior without your consent."

Eleanor Roosevelt This Is My Story (1937)

"The mobilization of world opinion and methods of negotiation should be developed and used by every nation in order to strengthen the United Nations."

"If the use of leisure time is confined to looking at TV for a few extra hours every day, we will deteriorate as a people."

Eleanor Roosevelt (5 November 1958)

"It takes courage to love, but pain through love is the purifying fire which those who love generously know. "

Eleanor Roosevelt My Day (1935 - 1962)

"We stand today at the threshold of a great event both in the life of the United Nations and in the life of mankind. This declaration may well become the international Magna Carta for all men everywhere. We hope its proclamation by the General Assembly will be an event comparable to the proclamation in 1789 [of the French Declaration of the Rights of Man], the adoption of the Bill of Rights by the people of the U.S., and the adoption of comparable declarations at different times in other countries..."

- Eleanor Roosevelt on UNHR


Tuesday, February 15, 2011

Oscar Wilde Facts

  • Oscar Wilde was born in Dublin. His parents were well known for their extravagant lifestyles. They were also sympathetic to Irish nationalism.
  • Oscar Wilde was a talented student and gained a scholarship to Trinity Collge, Dublin and later Magdalen College, Oxford.
  • He was sent down from Magdalen after turning up to college three weeks later.
  • After moving to London, Wilde became well a well known celebrity mixing with high society and impressing many with his wit and flamboyance.
“I am so clever that sometimes I don’t understand a single word of what I am saying.”
- Oscar Wilde
  • Oscar Wilde married Constance Lloyd. Together they had two sons.
  • Oscar Wilde had several homosexual relationships. He was particularly close to Lord Alfred Douglas (Bosie)
  • Wilde became well known as a playwright. His plays offered sharp satires on life and people. His most popular included: The Importance of Being Earnest, His only novel was The Picture of Dorian Gray. Lady Windermere's Fan, A Woman of No Importance, and An Ideal Husband
  • The father of Alfred Douglas, the Marquess of Queensberry, disliked Wilde and hinted Oscar Wilde was homosexual. Wilde launched a libel action against his father, but it soon fell apart. This led to Wilde being tried for the crime of sodomy.
  • Wilde was sentenced to two years in Reading Gaol. Afterwards he moved to Paris, where he lived in relative anonymity until his death in 1900.
I never saw a man who looked
With such a wistful eye
Upon that little tent of blue
Which prisoners call the sky.
- Ballad of Reading Gaol - Oscar Wilde

After his experience in gaol, he became interested in religion. He applied for a six month Jesuit retreat, but was turned down. He received the last sacraments on his bedside before his death.

Oscar Wilde Biography

Monday, February 14, 2011

John Lennon Facts

  • John Winston Lennon was born in Liverpool to Julia Lennon after 30 hours of labour on October 9, 1940, during a German air raid.
  • John was inspired to become a pop star by listening to the music of Elvis Presley.
  • Without glasses, John was legally blind.
  • John loved cats, owning several at different times.
  • John formed his first band, The Quarrymen in 1956.
  • John didn't want George Harrison in The Quarrymen, at first, because he was too young.
  • John Lennon married Cynthia Powell on August 23, 1962, after finding out she was pregnant.
  • John and Yoko first met in 1966.
  • On the road, John would room with George Harrison, and Paul McCartney would room with Ringo.
  • John became increasingly interested in politics, and his music had a political slant.
"My role in society, or any artist's or poet's role, is to try and express what we all feel. Not to tell people how to feel. Not as a preacher, not as a leader, but as a reflection of us all."
  • John spent time with the Yogi Maharishi Mahesh Yogi in India.
  • John Lennon became embroiled in controversy on a visit to the US after he was quoted as saying 'the Beatles were bigger than Jesus Christ'. It led to many record burnings in the South of US.
  • In November 1968, John divorced his first wife Cynthia.
  • John and Yoko were married in March 1969.
  • John ate very little after a reporter labelled him "the fat Beatle" in 1965.
  • The Beatles broke up in 1970, they are estimated to have sold more than a billion records worldwide.
  • John drank 20 to 30 cups of tea or coffee every day.
  • John frequently chose to wear no clothing, even when he had visitors in his home.
  • John Lennon released his solo album 'Imagine' in 1971. It has frequently been voted most popular song in the world.
  • By 1978, John Lennon weighed only 130 pounds compared to over 165 pounds earlier in the year.
  • Mark Chapman shot John as he was walking into his apartment building around 10:50 p.m. on Monday, December 8, 1980. He had signed his autograph for Mark Chapman six hours earlier.
  • Yoko had John's body cremated on Wednesday, December 10, 1980.
John Lennon Biography

Thursday, February 10, 2011

Top 10 Writers for Children

  1. J.K.Rowling (1960)- Harry Potter Series. The books which helped lead to a boom in reading by children.
  2. Enid Blyton - (1897–1968) Noddy books, The Famous Five and The Secret Seven Series.
  3. Lewis Carroll (1832–1898) - Alice in Wonderland adventures
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien (1892–1973) - The Hobbit and Lord of the Rings
  5. Roald Dahl (1916–1990) - James and Giant Peach, Matilda, Charlie and Chocolate Factory
  6. Beatrix Potter (1866–1943) - Tale of Peter Rabbit
  7. Mark Twain (1835–1910) - The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, Huckleberry Finn
  8. C.S. Lewis (1898–1963) - Chronicles of Narnia
  9. Douglas Adams - - Hitchikers Guide to Galaxy Series
  10. Kenneth Grahame (1859–1932) - The Wind in the Willows

Wednesday, February 9, 2011

Inspiring People of Today

Old Lady stops some bank robbers. What a great achievement!

Child Prodigy of 6 years old

An A-Z of Inspirational People

More Inspiring people of today

Inspirational Leaders

"If we can stand up to him, all Europe may be free and life of the world may move forward into broad, sunlit uplands. But if we fall, then the whole world, including the United States, including all that we have known and cared for, will sink into the abyss of a new Dark Age made more sinister, and perhaps more protracted, by the lights of perverted science."
- Winston Churchill.
  • Winston Churchill (1874 - 1965) Prime Minister of Great Britain during Second World War. Churchill embodied courage, resolve and absolute determination to fight against the very powerful Nazi regime when they had conquered most of Europe.
  • Mikhail Gorbachev (1931 - ) Leader of Soviet Union who oversaw the transition from Communism in Eastern Europe. Gorbachev was an inspirational leader because he was willing to change a system that wasn't working. Gorbachev didn't seek to hold onto power, but move the country in a way which helped promote democracy and end of the cold war.
  • Martin Luther King (1929 - 1968) Non-violent civil rights leader
  • Nelson Mandela (1918 - ) Anti-apartheid leader. Nelson Mandela was an inspirational leader because he endured many decades of injustice without becoming bitter and seeking retribution. On becoming President of a democratic South Africa, he sought to promote reconciliation with the white population that had previously kept him in jail for many years. His leadership helped keep the country together.
  • Woodrow Wilson (1856 – 1924)- President of US during WWI. Woodrow Wilson sought to keep the US out of the First World War. But, finally felt America needed to fight. After the war, Wilson had the vision for an international League of Nations which would come together to resolve conflict peacefully.
  • George Washington (1732 –, 1799 - 1st President of US. The undoubted figurehead of the newly independent nation of the United States.
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt(1882 - 1945) US President 1932-1945. Led his country through the Great Depression and then through the Second World War.
  • Charles de Gaulle (1890- 1970) French leader who offered French opposition to the Nazi occupation.
  • Abraham Lincoln (1809 – 1865) President of US during the civil war. Strove to keep the nation united and helped end slavery.
  • Mahatma Gandhi (1869 - 1948) - Indian nationalist and politician. Through non-violent opposition and protest, he helped gain Indian independence. Sought to unite different religious groups in India through appreciating the best in different Indian religions.
  • John F. Kennedy (1917 – 1963) - US President
  • Jesus Christ (c.5BC - 30AD) Not a conventional leader, but sought to inspire his fellow men through offering a gospel of love and forgiveness.
  • Thomas Jefferson (1743- 1826) 3rd President of US. Principle author of Declaration of Independence.

Important People in History

[Abraham Lincoln, U.S. President.  Seated portrait, facing right] (LOC)
Abraham Lincoln posing for an early photo
A selection of the most notable and important people in history. This lists important people by category, e.g. important scientists, important military leaders and people who have had the most influence on the world.

Who were the most important people in history?

This is a list of 100 people who changed the world.

Famous by Nationality

Famous by religion


Friday, February 4, 2011

Mary Wollstonecraft Quotes

"No man chooses evil because it is evil; he only mistakes it for happiness, the good he seeks."

- Mary Wollstonecraft, A Vindication of the Rights of Men (1790)

"The endeavor to keep alive any hoary establishment beyond its natural date is often pernicious and always useless."

- Mary Wollstonecraft, The French Revolution, Bk. V, ch. 4 (1794)

"Taught from their infancy that beauty is woman's sceptre, the mind shapes itself to the body, and roaming round its gilt cage, only seeks to adorn its prison."

- Mary Wollstonecraft, A Vindication of the Rights of Woman

"Women are systematically degraded by receiving the trivial attentions which men think it manly to pay to the sex, when, in fact, men are insultingly supporting their own superiority."

- Mary Wollstonecraft, A Vindication of the Rights of Woman Ch. 3

"Till women are more rationally educated, the progress in human virtue and improvement in knowledge must receive continual checks.
It is justice, not charity, that is wanting in the world."

- Mary Wollstonecraft, A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) Ch 3.

"Independence I have long considered as the grand blessing of life, the basis of every virtue; and independence I will ever secure by contracting my wants, though I were to live on a barren heath."

- Mary Wollstonecraft, A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) Dedication

"To be a good mother — a woman must have sense, and that independence of mind which few women possess who are taught to depend entirely on their husbands. Meek wives are, in general, foolish mothers; wanting their children to love them best, and take their part, in secret, against the father, who is held up as a scarecrow. "

- Mary Wollstonecraft, A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) Dedication

Thursday, February 3, 2011

Facts Joan of Arc

  • Joan of Arc often was born in 1412 Domremy, France.
  • Joan of Arc is also known as Jeanne d'Arc(French) and The Maid of OrlĂ©ans
  • In 1415 King Henry V of England had invaded France and defeated the French army at Agincourt. This left France divided and large parts under an English occupation.
  • From the age of 13, she reported hearing 'voices from God' - entrusting her with an important mission.
"I was thirteen when I had a Voice from God for my help and guidance. The first time that I heard this Voice, I was very much frightened; it was mid-day, in the summer, in my father's garden. ”
- Joan of Arc from her trial transcript.
  • The Dauphin of France was Charles de Ponthieu, he was considered weak and an ineffective rule, but after meeting Joan of Arc the fortunes of the French changed.
  • The Dauphin was crowned King Charles VII on 17 July 1429.
  • In 1430 Joan was captured by the Burgundian forces (French forces not loyal to Charles) at Compiegne and sold to the English.
  • During her time in the army and at the trial, Joan wore men's clothing, which was very unusual for the time.
  • She was tried for witchcraft and convicted. Pierre Cauchon was the leading Churchman responsible for trying Joan.
  • The trial was transcribed giving a large source of primary material. At the trial, Joan defended herself with great intellect, despite being denied legal support.
  • "Asked if she knew she was in God's grace, she answered: 'If I am not, may God put me there; and if I am, may God so keep me."
  • At the time it was heresy to claim you were in God's Grace. By this answer she deftly avoided implicating herself, without saying yes or no.
  • After a guilty verdict was given, she temporarily retracted her statements to escape death by burning. But, later she changed her mind and restated her belief in statements at trial.
  • Twenty years after her trial, the verdict was overturned.
  • Joan of Arc was beatified in 1909 and canonized in 1920. She was made a patron saint of France.

Inspirational Religious People

"Be fearless and pure; never waver in your determination or your dedication to the spiritual life. Give freely. Be self-controlled, sincere, truthful, loving, and full of the desire to serve...Learn to be detached and to take joy in renunciation."
- Sri Krishna Sri Krishna was a key figure in Hinduism. Revered as a Spiritual Teacher, he gave his disciple Arjuna the immortal discourse of the Bhagavad Gita.
"Do not dwell in the past, do not dream of the future, concentrate the mind on the present moment."
- Buddha - The Buddha was a young prince who gave up the comforts of palace life to seek the meaning of life meditating in the forests.
“You have heard the law that says, ‘Love your neighbor’ and hate your enemy. But I say, love your enemies! Pray for those who persecute you! In that way, you will be acting as true children of your Father in heaven."
- Jesus Christ. Prophet and inspiration of Christianity. Taught a message of love, forgiveness and faith.
  • Mother Teresa - A modern day saint who sought to identify with and offer compassion to the unloved and destitute.
  • Pope John Paul II - Lived through two totalitarian regimes eventually becoming priest and then the first Polish pope.
  • Dietrich Bonhoeffer. Christian theologian who opposed Nazism
  • Mahatma Gandhi - Gandhi was the principle figurehead of the Indian independence movement.
  • St Therese Lisieux - A Carmelite nun, who died aged 24, unknown to the world
  • William Wilberforce. After undergoing a religious conversation, became committed to improving social conditions. In particular, he fought tirelessly to end the slave trade.
  • Joan of Arc - Received 'messages from God' to inspire her fellow countrymen to reunite France and overcome English occupiers.
  • Archbishop Desmond Tutu - Nobel Peace Prize winner. Campaigner against apartheid and supporter of human rights and justice. Helped to heal wounds left from old apartheid regime.
  • Martin Luther - Martin Luther was the most influential figure in the Protestant reformation of the sixteenth century.
  • Swami Vivekananda - Hindu Monk who spoke at the World Parliament of Religions in 1893 with great clarity on the unity of the world religions
  • C S Lewis - Well known Christian apologist.
  • St Teresa of Avila. Christian mystic, poet and writer.

Wednesday, February 2, 2011

George Bernard Shaw Facts

"My speciality is being right when other people are wrong."
George Bernard Shaw - You Never Can Tell, Act IV

George Bernard Shaw was known for his wit, it even led to creation of a Shawism - witty phrase:
"My way of joking is to tell the truth. It's the funniest joke in the world."
- George Bernard Shaw
  • George Bernard Shaw was an iconoclastic playwright, journalist, polemicist, scintillating public speaker, arts reviewer and campaigning socialist,
  • Shaw actually hated the George in his name, and used just Bernard Shaw
  • With Sidney and Beatrice Webb, and Graham Wallas, George Bernard Shaw was a co-founder of the London School of Economics.
  • George Bernard Shaw was a leading member of the Fabian society (a, along with luminaries such as Annie Besant and the Webbs
George Bernard Shaw was
  • A committed vegetarian
  • A socialist
  • Opponent of First World War
  • Supported belief in Eugenics.

  • Despite nearly dieing from smallpox, Shaw joined a public campaign in opposition to vaccination against smallpox.
  • Shaw helped T.E. Lawrence, with his book the Seven Pillars of Wisdom
  • Shaw was a keen amateur photographer.
  • He is the only person to have been awarded both a Nobel Prize for Literature (1925) and an Oscar (1938) for work on transcribing Pygmalion (adaption of his play of the same name).
  • He married but it was never consummated and he had no children
  • When George Orwell asked George Bernard Shaw for permission to quote from one of his works in a BBC interview for the 'Voice', magazine programme, to be broadcast by the Indian Service Shaw responded with the terse refusal "I veto it ruthlessly".
  • In George Orwell's Animal Farm, Mr. Whymper a man hired by Napoleon to represent Animal Farm in human society, is loosely based on George Bernard Shaw who visited the U.S.S.R. in 1931 and praised Stalin and what he found.
  • George Bernard Shaw rejected many honours during his lifetime. He only accepted the Nobel Prize at the behest of his wife who thought it would bring honour to Ireland.
  • Shaw was a strident critic of contemporary education. in his Treatise on Parents and Children he considered the curriculum useless.
  • George Bernard Shaw had no particular religion, but was receptive to a range of religious views: "(my) religious convictions and scientific views cannot at present be more specifically defined than as those of a believer in creative revolution."
He spoke warmly of religions such as Hinduism.
"The apparent multiplicity of Gods is bewildering at the first glance; but you presently discover that they are all the same one God in different aspects and functions and even sexes. There is always one uttermost God who defies personification."
George Bernard Shaw and Churchill

George Bernard Shaw telegrammed Winston Churchill just prior to the opening of Major Barbara: "Have reserved two tickets for first night. Come and bring a friend if you have one."

Churchill wired back, "Impossible to come to first night. Will come to second night, if you have one."

George Bernard Shaw Quotes

"Patriotism is, fundamentally, a conviction that a particular country is the best in the world because you were born in it…"

George Bernard Shaw - The World (15 November 1893)

"My speciality is being right when other people are wrong."

George Bernard Shaw - You Never Can Tell, Act IV

"There is only one religion, though there are a hundred versions of it."

- George Bernard Shaw - Plays Pleasant and Unpleasant, Vol. II, preface (1898)

"All great truths begin as blasphemies."

George Bernard Shaw - Annajanska (1919)

"Political necessities sometimes turn out to be political mistakes."

George Bernard Shaw - Saint Joan : A Chronicle Play In Six Scenes And An Epilogue (1923) -

"God is on the side of the big battalions."

George Bernard Shaw - Saint Joan : A Chronicle Play In Six Scenes And An Epilogue (1923)

"Must then a Christ perish in torment in every age to save those that have no imagination?"

George Bernard Shaw - Saint Joan : A Chronicle Play In Six Scenes And An Epilogue (1923)

"No public man in these islands ever believes that the Bible means what it says: he is always convinced that it says what he means."

George Bernard Shaw- Our Theatres In The Nineties (1930)

"The apparent multiplicity of Gods is bewildering at the first glance; but you presently discover that they are all the same one God in different aspects and functions and even sexes. There is always one uttermost God who defies personification."

George Bernard Shaw - Letter to the Reverend Ensor Walters (1933),

"There are two tragedies in life. One is to lose your heart's desire. The other is to gain it."

George Bernard Shaw- Man and Superman (1903)

"My way of joking is to tell the truth. It's the funniest joke in the world."

George Bernard Shaw - John Bull's Other Island (1907) Act II

"It is more dangerous to be a great prophet or poet than to promote twenty companies for swindling simple folk out of their savings."

George Bernard Shaw Misalliance (1910)

"Life does not cease to be funny when people die any more than it ceases to be serious when people laugh. "

George Bernard Shaw - The Doctor's Dilemma (1911)

"It is impossible for an Englishman to open his mouth without making some other Englishman hate or despise him. "

George Bernard Shaw - Pygmalion (1912)

"Women upset everything. When you let them into your life, you find that the woman is driving at one thing and you're driving at another. "

George Bernard Shaw -Pygmalion (1912)

George Bernard Shaw Biography